Know Diabetes is an archive site, some links will not work. Sorry for inconvenience.

 
 
Supported by
 
Ministry of Health
 
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes Symptoms
Diabetes Management
Diabetes Prevention
 
Home The Event About Know Diabetes The Team About ExHealth News Contact Us
News
 
About Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Classification
Risk Factors
Pre - Diabetes
Signs and Symptoms
Diagnosis
Management Life Style Modifications)
Diabetes Complications
Reactive Hypoglycemia
Care in Diabetes
Prevention
Pregnancy and Diabetes
Juvenile Diabetes
Hypertension and Diabetes
Obesity and Diabetes
Myths and Facts
Diabetes Key Facts
     
What is Diabetes?   Diabetes Symptoms   Diabetes Management   Diabetes Prevention
Diagnosis
     
 

(Please note below information is for general purpose only, read Term of Use for more detail.)

Following tests are used for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus:

  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG)test: This test is done 8 hrs prior to any food intake. It detects both diabetes and pre-diabetes.

  • Oral glucose tolerance test(OGTT): This test is performed after 8 hours of fasting and 2 hours after consuming a glucose-containing beverage. This test also detects diabetes and pre-diabetes.

  • Random plasma glucose test: Also called a casual plasma glucose test, which is performed to measure blood glucose regardless of being any food intake. This test diagnoses diabetes, but not pre diabetes.

 
Results of FPG test   Results of OGTT test
Plasma Glucose Result (mg/dl) Diagnosis   2-Hour Plasma Glucose Result (mg/dl) Diagnosis
99 or below Normal   139 or below Normal
100 to 125 Pre-diabetes
(impaired fasting glucose)
  140 to 199 Pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance)
126 above Diabetes*   200 or above Diabetes*
 
concentration of glucose in the blood instantly.


HbA1c test:

HbA1c is the minor component of hemoglobin to which glucose is bound. It is also called glycosylated or glucosylated hemoglobin. HbA1c levels depend upon the concentration of blood glucose, i.e. higher the glucose concentration in blood, higher the level of HbA1c. It helps to monitor the effects of diet, exercise, and drug therapy on blood glucose levels.

HbA1c level >7% of total hemoglobin indicates that the person is healthy or non-diabetic. Complications of diabetes can be prevented by keeping the HbA1c level below 7%.
 
 
 
Sponsors & Partners
Main Sponsor
Support Sponsor
Partner
Activity Partner
Media Partner
Conceived & Executed